Sunni and Shia Muslims in Georgia: a Societal Margin in Motion? (Caucasus Analytical Digest, #81)

This article offers a concise overview of the different Muslim groups in Georgia, and discusses their identity issues and socioeconomic situation as well as the current actions of the state directed towards their integration. The Muslim communities in Georgia, which consist primarily of Azeri, Adjarians and Kist, generally form a marginal group in society since they are not perceived to be full members of the Georgian nation due to their confessional background and, in case of Azeri and Kist, linguistic factors. A large majority of the Muslims in Georgia also live in rural regions where the overall economic and social predicament often negatively differ from that in the majority culture and in urban areas. Hence the question is whether specific socioeconomic conditions and identity issues and alienation contribute to forms of radicalization among Georgia’s Muslim communities or whether there are dynamics of integration in Georgian society.

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The Caucasus Analytical Digest is produced by the Center for Security Studies (CSS) at ETH Zurich, the Research Centre for East European Studies at the University of Bremen, the Institute for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies at the George Washington University, and the German Association for East European Studies (DGO). This publication looks at the political, economic, and social situation in the three South Caucasus states of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia, and assesses the implications for the regional and wider international context.